Western writers in recent years have focused on him as one of the two most influencial Muslim thinkers of this century, the other being Sayyid Maududi. His two years sojourn in the US opened his eyes to the malise of the western culture and non-Islamic ideologies. After his return to Egypt he resigned his job in the Education directorate and devoted himself to the idea of bringing a total change in the political system.
He had a special disdain, however, for schools that specialized in religious studies only, and sought to demonstrate that local schools that held regular academic classes as well as classes in religion were more beneficial to their pupils than religious schools with lopsided curricula.
At this time, Qutb developed his bent against the imams and their traditional approach to education. This confrontation would persist throughout his life. During his early career, Qutb devoted himself to literature as an author and critic, writing such novels as Ashwak Thorns and even helped to elevate Egyptian novelist Naguib Mahfouz from obscurity.
In the early s, he encountered the work of Nobel Prize -winner French eugenicist Alexis Carrelwho would have a seminal and lasting influence on his criticism of Western civilizationas "instead of liberating man, as the post- Enlightenment narrative claimed, he believed that Western modernity enmeshed people in spiritually numbing networks of control and discipline, and that rather than building caring communities, it cultivated attitudes of selfish individualism.
Though Islam gave him much peace and contentment,  he suffered from respiratory and other health problems throughout his life and was known for "his introvertedness, isolation, depression and concern.
Syed Qutb from a young age would save up his money for a man called Amsaalih, who used to sell books around the local villages. He would have a big collection of books, and another small collection specifically for Syed Qutb.
And Amsaalih would let him do that. At the age of 12, he had his own library collection of 25 books, even though books were really expensive during that time.
He would imitate the scholars by reading the books, and then give lectures to the rest of the village.
If any women needed any information, they would wait till Syed Qutb came back from school, and ask him to share the knowledge he had to them. In many occasions he would be shy because he was a young man, but in some occasions he would go and teach the knowledge he had to the people who asked him.
Before his departure from the United States, even though more and more conservative, he still was " Western in so many ways—his dress, his love of classical music and Hollywood movies. He had read, in translation, the works of Darwin and EinsteinByron and Shelleyand had immersed himself in French literatureespecially Victor Hugo ".
He was appalled by what he perceived as loose sexual openness of American men and women a far cry from his home of Musha, Asyut. This American experience was for him a fine-tuning of his Islamic identity. He himself tells us on his boat trip over "Should I travel to America, and become flimsy, and ordinary, like those who are satisfied with idle talk and sleep.
Or should I distinguish myself with values and spirit. Is there other than Islam that I should be steadfast to in its character and hold on to its instructions, in this life amidst deviant chaos, and the endless means of satisfying animalistic desires, pleasures, and awful sins?
I wanted to be the latter man. She knows it lies in the face, and in expressive eyes, and thirsty lips. She knows seductiveness lies in the round breasts, the full buttocks, and in the shapely thighs, sleek legs — and she shows all this and does not hide it.
The American is primitive in his artistic taste, both in what he enjoys as art and in his own artistic works. This is that music that the Negroes invented to satisfy their primitive inclinations, as well as their desire to be noisy on the one hand and to excite bestial tendencies on the other.
Meanwhile, the noise of the instruments and the voices mounts, and it rings in the ears to an unbearable degree… The agitation of the multitude increases, and the voices of approval mount, and their palms ring out in vehement, continuous applause that all but deafens the ears.
His experience in the U. Nasser would go the house of Syed Qutb and ask him for ideas about the Revolution. Many members of the Brotherhood expected Nasser to establish an Islamic government.
Nasser had secretly set up an organisation that would sufficiently oppose the Muslim Brotherhood once he came to power. This organisation was called "Tahreer" "freedom" in Arabic.
It was well known that the Brotherhood were made popular by their extensive social programs in Egypt, and Nasser wanted to be ready once he had taken over. Once Qutb realized that Nasser had taken advantage of the secrecy between the Free Officers and the Brotherhood, he promptly quit. Nasser then tried to persuade Qutb by offering him any position he wanted in Egypt except its Kingship, saying: Upset that Nasser would not enforce a government based on Islamic ideology, Qutb and other Brotherhood members plotted to assassinate him in During his first three years in prison, conditions were bad and Qutb was tortured.
In later years he was allowed more mobility, including the opportunity to write. The school of thought he inspired has become known as Qutbism. Qutb was let out of prison at the end of at the behest of the Prime Minister of IraqAbdul Salam Ariffor only 8 months before being rearrested in August The first two Islamic books that I studied as teenager were "Dirasat Islamiyya" (Studies in Islam, or Lessons in Islam) and Aladalah Alijtima’eyyah Fil-Islam (Social Justice in Islam) both by Sayyid Qutb.
Valentine, Simon Ross, "Sayyid Qutb: Terrorism & the Origins of Militant Islam", American Chronicle, December From Secularism to Jihad: Sayyid Qutb and the Foundations of Radical Islamism – Adnan A.
MusallamReligion: Islam. A Study on Sayyid Qutb Essay Introduction Sayyid Qutb Explain the contribution to the development and expression of Islam of Sayyid Qutb Sayyid Qutb was born in in Egypt and became a teacher involved in Egypt’s ministry of Education in Studies of Religion 1 - Elective: Islam, Significant Figure (Sayyid Qutb) - Includes detailed references about his contributions, criticisms and references to the relevant religious texts and commentary.
One such individual who is important to the progress and expression of Islam is Sayyid Qutb. His contribution to Islam is portrayed through the way he affected Muslim society with his writings on important issues in society, his commentaries on the Qur’an and his association with the Muslim Brotherhood.
Sayyid Qutb had a radical practice of Islam which he influenced his adherents to follow. He expressed to the adherents that it was important to have modest life styles of living, and living free from negative influence of the west, .