The Environment Race is a very important social force that should be a force of pride for people but can and will be used in a very negative way in some situations.
Intelligence in its most rudimentary form is the ability to solve problems.
Many of the daily problems confronted by this seven million year old humanoid were resolved by the invention of fire. Initially warmth against the climatic elements and cooking and preservation of food were key features of the utilizing of fire.
However, centuries later the use of fire in the smelting of iron revolutionized tool making, weaponry and early industrialization. Here and elsewhere, particularly in the Great Congo Valley, the use of iron characterized Africa. As Franz Boas says: It seems likely that at a time when the European was still satisfied with rude stone tools, the African had invented or adopted the art of smelting iron.
Consider for a moment what this invention has meant for the advance of the human race. As long as the hammer, knife, saw, drill, the spade and the hoe had to be chipped out of stone, or had to be made of shell or wood, effective industrial work was not impossible but difficult. A great progress was made when copper found in large nuggets was hammered out into tools and later on shaped by melting, and when bronze was introduced; but the true advancement of industrial life did not begin until the hard iron was discovered.
It seems not unlikely that the people who made the marvelous discovery of reducing iron ores by smelting were African Negroes. If we return to the original illusionist Race essay conclusion of this discussion one can only be amazed by the degree of deception that American history has heaped upon an unsuspecting public.
Adding yet more incredulity to the equation is the fact that one of the original scientific racist, Charles Darwin acknowledged in his second publication after the Origin of SpeciesDescent of Menthat Africa was the cradle of modern civilization. John Jackson writes, "In Darwin's Descent of Man was issued, and in this book the father of Natural Selection produced impressive evidence that man and the anthropoid apes could be traced to a common ancestor.
Most of Darwin's contemporaries favored the continent of Asia as the birth place of the human race, but Darwin suggested that Africa was most likely to have been the Cradle of Mankind. However, if we examine these works within the context of American slavery, then we see a whole different paradigm emerging.
Earlier in this paper we cited the suspicion raised by Stephen Jay Gould regarding the historical coincidence of emerging race theory advanced by Darwin, Galton, Blumenbach, et. Even though slavery may have officially ended with the civil war, racism perpetuated the slave-master mentality for another one hundred years.
The scientific and religious conclusion then centered around portraying American blacks and Africans as void of a culture, civilization, civility and intelligence.
Accordingly, the scientific conclusion is natural selection, a master white race and manifest destiny were more valuable for the 19th century power brokers than would have been acknowledging African legitimacy as well as African Americans' achievements such as: Oberlin College in Ohio being integrated in and Blacks constituting one third of the student body at the start of the civil war ; or that in Alexander Twilight became the first black to graduate from an American college Middleburg ; or that inLucy Session became the first Black woman to graduate from an American college Oberlin or that inJohn D.
White became the first Black doctors to graduate from a U. Similarly after the civil war inEdward Bouchette was the first black to be elected to Phi Beta Kappa and in became the first black to receive a Ph. It is easy to see why it was of the utmost importance to continue the lie of black inferiority, infantalism and ignorance.
American historians have for well over years deceived a nation by keeping its citizens in Plato's cave wherein they were only able to view reality filtered through the shadows of scientific racism and religious propaganda.
It is only now in the year that we see two of the most highly respected scientific journals not only acknowledging but celebrating Africa as the cradle of civilization and Africans as major contributors to the seven million year existence of mankind on planet earth.
Perhaps Americans should be guardedly optimistic about these new revelations that have been intentionally obscured for far too many generations. We should be able to see why this issue of slavery, years after its official demise, still is fodder for the diehard racists but at the same time fertile ground for life after the illusionists.
Little did Jefferson, Adams, Franklin and the other founders know that in spite of their gross constitutional injustice to African American inthese wrongs would at long last be corrected in the twenty-first century.
Bush stood on Goree Island in Senegal West Africa and declared slavery to be "history's worst crime" and admonished the founding fathers for heaping hypocrisy upon injustice by the manner in which they dealt with slavery.
Eleven years earlier, one of America's most distinguished historic figures, Lawrence Douglas Wilder, the first elected African American governor of a state Virginiavisited this same tract of land on Goree Island.
Wilder, the grandson of slaves, announced in that a United States National Slavery Museum would be created so that America, and particularly her children, could be educated about the extreme importance slavery played in not only the creation of America but also its centrality to the social, economic, political and psychological character of the nation.Identity Essay - Race, Gender and Age.
5 Pages Words February Saved essays Save your essays here so you can locate them quickly! Topics in this paper Race is a very important social force that should be a force of pride for people but can and will be used in a very negative way in some situations. Race is a very powerful thing. Research Papers words ( pages) Racism in America Today Essay - Dating back to the beginning of times people have always been looked at different depending on the color of their skin or what your religion, race, or beliefs may be.
Sample Essay. Words 1, This essay discusses issues related to race, poverty and crime. It was not until the civil rights movement of the ’s that a philosophical national policy was developed to address racial injustice. The notion of race as a social construct I am proposing is partially captured by various works.
In Takaki’s work A Different Mirror: A history of Multicultural America, race is a social construct produced by the dominant group in society and their power to define.
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The Dynamics of Discrimination bars discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin, rendering ; Schuman et al., ). One startling conclusion from this line of research is the frequency with which discrimination is reported.
A recent Gallup poll, for.