Key facts Human papillomavirus HPV is a group of viruses that are extremely common worldwide. There are more than types of HPV, of which at least 13 are cancer-causing also known as high risk type. HPV is mainly transmitted through sexual contact and most people are infected with HPV shortly after the onset of sexual activity. Cervical cancer is caused by sexually acquired infection with certain types of HPV.
Prevention Human papillomavirus is the most common sexually transmitted infection. Most sexually active men and women being exposed to the virus at some point during their lifetime.
The virus is common in the United States and there are approximately 14 million newly diagnosed cases of human papillomavirus HPV annually. There are different types of HPV. Some can lead to genital warts and others can cause some types of cancer. Each year, around 19, women and 12, men in the U.
Vaccines can protect against infection. In this article, we will explain what HPV is, how it is passed between people, any symptoms that could occur, and information about treatment, vaccines, and prevention. Fast facts on HPV Here are some key points about human papillomavirus. More detail and supporting information is in the main article.
Most sexually active men and women will contract the HPV virus at some point during their lifetime. HPV can be spread through oral, vaginal, or anal sex. It can result in genital warts and some types of cancer.
Sometimes, HPV can be transmitted during birth to an infant causing genital or respiratory system infections. There is no cure for HPV but safe and effective vaccinations are recommended at the age of 11 to 12 years. Treatment Salicylic acid is used to treat some warts.
Different types of HPV will have different symptoms. HPV viruses can lead to genital warts and cancer. There is no treatment for the virus, but the symptoms can be treated.
Prevention is through the HPV vaccine. Warts Warts that result from HPV will often resolve without treatment. However, there are medications that can be applied to the skin to remove the wart itself; these include over-the-counter OTC salicylic acid for common warts.
Podophyllin chemical applied by a doctor Imiquimod Aldara, Zyclara Trichloroacetic acid chemical applied by a doctor In certain situations, surgical interventions may be necessary and include: This method uses liquid nitrogen to freeze the abnormal areas.
Electrical current is used to burn the abnormal areas.
A light beam removes unwanted tissue. This is rarely used due to the high risk of side effects and cost. Surgical removal It is important to speak with a doctor about which treatment is best, depending on the type and location of the wart being treated.
It is also important to note that, although warts and cellular changes may be removed or resolved, the virus can remain in the body and can be passed to others. There is no treatment to remove the virus from the body. Cancer Routine Pap tests and other types of screening can provide an early diagnosis, if cancer develops.
Measures can be taken to treat any cancer and prevent it from developing. Symptoms HPV may not cause symptoms at once, but they can appear years later. Some types can lead to warts, while others can cause cancer.
Warts Common symptoms of some types of HPV are warts, especially genital warts. Genital warts may appear as a small bump, cluster of bumps, or stem-like protrusions.
They commonly affect the vulva in women, or possibly the cervix, and the penis or scrotum in men. They may also appear around the anus and in the groin. They can range in size and appearance and be large, small, flat, or cauliflower shaped, and may be white or flesh tone.
Other warts associated with HPV include common warts, plantar, and flat warts. Common warts - rough, raised bumps most commonly found on the hands, fingers, and elbows. Plantar warts - described as hard, grainy growths on the feet; they most commonly appear on the heels or balls of the feet.
Flat warts - generally affect children, adolescents, and young adults; they appear as flat-topped, slightly raised lesions that are darker than normal skin color and are most commonly found on the face, neck, or areas that have been scratched.
Cancer Other types of HPV can increase the risk of developing cancer.Human papillomavirus infection is an infection by human papillomavirus (HPV). Most HPV infections cause no symptoms and resolve spontaneously.
In some people, an HPV infection persists and results in warts or precancerous lesions. The precancerous lesions increase the risk of cancer of the cervix, vulva, vagina, penis, anus, mouth, or throat.
Nearly all cervical cancer is due to HPV with two. This website is supported in part by a cooperative agreement from the National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (Grant No. 6NH23IP) at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta, GA.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States. Some health effects caused by HPV can be prevented by the HPV . Problems that could happen after any injected vaccine: •People sometimes faint after a medical procedure, including vaccination.
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What Is It? Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a virus that often causes no symptoms but can cause cervical cancer. Chances are you have been exposed to the human papillomavirus (HPV) and didn't even know it. Human papillomavirus, or HPV, is a common virus affecting both males and females.
Up to 80% of people will be infected with at least one genital type of HPV at some time in their lives. 1 Anyone who has had any kind of sexual activity involving genital contact could get genital HPV. In most people, HPV is harmless and has no symptoms, but in some .