Detailed Table of Contents II. Homosexuality in the Old Testament In the Old Testament homosexuality is most explicitly discussed in four passages.
The psychologist Evelyn Hooker demonstrated that no discernible differences existed between the psychological profiles of gay men and those of heterosexual men, effectively beginning the debunking of the theory that homosexuality is a mental illness.
Psychiatrist Judd Marmor recognized that homosexuality could not be explained in a single dimension and helped support exploring the biological, genetic, psychological, familial, and social factors involved in the formation and expression of a homosexual orientation.
Inthe American Psychiatric Association, after extensive scientific review and debate, stopped classifying homosexuality as a mental illness. Homosexuality is now seen as a normal variation of human sexual and emotional expression, allowing, it is hoped, a nonpathological and nonprejudicial view of homosexuality as well as of LGBT people.
LGBT people and homosexual and bisexual behavior are found in almost all societies and cultures in the world and throughout history Herdt, But the degree of tolerance and acceptance of them has varied considerably in different periods of history and from country to country, culture to culture, and community to community.
The genetic and biological contributions to sexual orientation have been studied increasingly in recent years.
Unfortunately, the biological studies often grow out of the confusion between sexual orientation and gender identity. Many studies have tried to demonstrate that physical traits in gay men resemble those of women or have tried to identify traits in lesbians that resemble those of males.
These views are based on the belief that, if a man wishes to be with a man, he must somehow be like a woman, and a woman wishing to be with a woman must, in some way, be like a man. The studies noted the diversity and variety of gay men and lesbians, recognizing that there was no uniform way to be or become gay or lesbian in our society.
Lesbianism and female homosexuality have also been studied from a nonpathological perspective. Magee and Miller reviewed these efforts and found no psychodynamic etiologies to female homosexuality and that each lesbian is unique and without stereotypic characteristics.
Studies of intersexual people, that is, people with sexually ambiguous genitalia or true hermaphrodites, are often analyzed. Hermaphrodites have both male and female reproductive organs. These studies ultimately are about gender role expectations and do not contribute to our understanding of homosexuality.
The most promising areas of study involve genetics and familial patterns. Although the gene has not been identified, Hamer and Copeland have reported a linkage on the X chromosome that may influence homosexual orientation. The genetic and familial patterns studied by Pillard, Bailey, and Weinrich and their colleagues Bailey et al.
Pillard found that gay men are much more likely to have gay or bisexual male siblings than heterosexual males-based on the incidence of homosexuality-but are not more likely to have lesbian sisters than are heterosexual males.
Lesbians are more likely to have lesbian sisters but are not more likely to have gay brothers. Combined with other twin and heritability studies, this research helps explain the probable genetic substrate of sexual orientation, with different genetic influences for male homosexuality, male heterosexuality, female homosexuality, female heterosexuality, and, possibly, bisexuality.
Although the complex set of behaviors and feelings of homosexuality could not be explained by a single factor, a genetic basis seems to be the foundation on which other complex biological, familial, and societal influences work to shape the development and expression of sexual orientation LeVay, Perspectives on Bisexuality Bisexuality has also existed throughout recorded history.
Freud believed in innate bisexuality and that an individual evolves into a heterosexual or a homosexual, rarely a bisexual Freud, Many bisexuals still find themselves contending with this lack of acknowledgment that a bisexual orientation can be an endpoint in itself and not just a step toward heterosexuality or homosexuality.
It is helpful for providers to know that the clinical issues facing bisexuals often are problems resulting from the difficulty of acknowledging and acting on a sexual orientation that is not accepted by the heterosexual majority but also not accepted by many gay men and lesbians.A lesbian is a homosexual woman.
The word lesbian is also used for women in terms of their sexual identity or sexual behavior regardless of sexual orientation, or as an adjective to characterize or associate nouns with female homosexuality or same-sex attraction..
The concept of "lesbian", to differentiate women with a shared sexual orientation, is a 20th-century construct. Throughout history. Homosexuality Essay. homosexuality: a mental disorder?
What are religious perspectives on homosexuality? 2. Are there “GAY GENES” that causes a person to be more attracted to a person of the same sex?
3. What is the biological basis for sexual orientation? Homosexuality As A . This paper I will discuss three different perspectives on the subject them being the biological, historical and psychological perspective on homosexuality.
Another thing that I will go over is the impact that all these perspective may have on how homosexuals look and feel about themselves. social issues, same-sex - Perspectives on Homosexuality. Title Length Color Rating: Is homosexuality a Choice? Essay - Is Homosexuality a Choice. Homo is defined in the Webster’s dictionary as a combining one and the same, common, joint.
Redated from March I was a Christian recently enough to remember what it felt like to really believe the Creator of the universe talked to me, to really believe I would go to heaven and unbelievers would go to hell, to really believe that prayer made a difference..
It sure felt like I really believed that stuff. And other Christians tell me they really believe that stuff, too. Sometimes psychology will confirm aspects of Christian faith (e.g. psychological science that supports family values).
Other times psychological science might cause Christians to question accepted theological perspectives and scriptural interpretations.