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Reviewed by Jack Wikoff Faces of the Enemy is a collection of over three hundred political cartoons, posters and artwork showing how enemies have been depicted in twentieth century war propaganda. Accompanying these illustrations is an extensive text by Sam Keen, contributing editor to Psychology Today.
Keen's idealistic message is that war can be abolished if human beings "change the way we think about enemies and warfare. In the beginning we create the enemy. Before the weapon comes the image. We think others to death and then invent the battle-axe or the ballistic missiles with which to actually kill them.
In chapter after chapter, Keen elaborated upon this theme referring to what he calls "archetypes of the hostile imagination. Keen's theory that we can "think" away warfare and conflict will have great appeal to many people today, especially the politically immature.
But the reader who retains the ability to think rationally will see through Keen's pop psychology. Keen erroneously labels as "paranoia" all consciousness of "enemies" as in the following passage: Consensual paranoia - the pathology of the normal person who is a member of a war-justifying society - forms the template from which all the images of the enemy are created.
By studying the logic of paranoia, we can see why certain archetypes of the enemy must necessarily recur, no matter what the historical circumstances. Paranoia involves a complex of mental, emotional, and social mechanisms by which a person or a people claim righteousness and purity, and attribute hostility and evil to the enemy.
The process begins with a splitting of the "good" self, with which we consciously identify and which is celebrated by myth and media, from the "bad" self, which remains unconscious so long as it may be projected onto an enemy.
Keen defines the normal person's thinking about warfare as "paranoia. While it is true that war propaganda frequently contains paranoia and self-deception, it is an error to think that political conflict arises entirely from negative aspects of the so-called "collective unconscious.
In a section he calls "the normal citizen's version of the Paranoid's Confession," we find this confession of the author: If some incarnation of evil as unambiguous as Hitler appeared again, I would have no moral qualms about killing the enemy.
But in the modern world of moral murkiness, I prefer to keep my hands as clean of enemy blood as possible.
In later chapters he claims: Any depth understanding of the social function of war leads to the conclusion that it was the "good" Germans who created the social ecology that nurtured the Nazis. It is not difficult to see the roots of the Nazi sadism in the normal methods of German child rearing.
I recently did seminars in Germany and found that almost every one in my group had been beaten as a child. Thus we find that even Sam Keen, the committed peacemaker, ultimately cannot abandon the concept of the "good war" fought against an "evil madman" like Adolf Hitler or Saddam Hussein.
Faces of the Enemy could have been a valuable book on the methods of propaganda and disinformation if the author had left out his utopian schemes for eternal world peace.
The book does contain informative examples of how war propaganda can distort people's thinking.
|Framing the Issues||Elements of this negative social atmosphere range from loss of civility through racism to the proliferations of hate crimes against minority, ethnic, religious, and cultural groups. Before the weapon comes the image.|
One illustration demonstrates how "The first casualty when war comes is truth," as U. Senator Hiram Johnson said in A six-panel cartoon depicts a spy in trenchcoat and hat saying: Our enemies make nerve gas.
They squander their wealth on armaments.
They spy on their own citizens.A GREEN COMPANY é uma empresa inovadora, com soluções inteligentes de sustentabilidade faces of the enemy sam keen essay e preservação faces of the enemy sam keen essay do meio ambiente.
Find all the latest real-time sports coverage, live reports, analysis and comment on Telegraph Sport. May 27, · THE central thesis of ''Faces of the Enemy'' is stated early by Dr. Sam Keen, who wrote and narrated this earnest documentary based on his book of the same title: ''Before we make war, even before.
Sam Keen is a graduate of Harvard Divinity School and holds a Ph. D. in philosophy of religion from Princeton University. He was for many years a consulting editor of Psychology Today and is the author of 13 books including the bestseller Fire in the Belly. "Faces of the Enemy has long been one of my most treasured resources.
It helps us understand how systems corrupt citizens to hate an arbitrarily designated "Other" and soldiers to want to kill that "Other-Enemy." The addition of Sam Keen's updated commentary adds further depth and power to this vital narrative, making it truly .
"Faces of the Enemy" follows a psychologist Sam Keen as he unmasks how individuals and nations dehumanize their enemies to justify the inhumanity of war. In Sam Keen's documentary "Faces of the Enemy" he comes up with documentation that goes in the mind of the enemy and finds out why we have enemies, and why we dehumanize .
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THE central thesis of Faces of the Enemy is stated early by Dr. Sam Keen, who wrote and narrated this earnest documentary based torosgazete.com Keen born is an American author, professor, and philosopher.
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