You check your patients and become concerned about Mr. Z, who is scheduled for orthopedic surgery tomorrow. His case just does not seem as simple as the previous nurse indicated. He had previous hardware in that ankle and was admitted through the emergency department.
You might wonder if kids will work it out for themselves. After all, lots of smart people have managed to think logically without formal instruction in logic.
Moreover, studies show that kids become better learners when they are forced to explain how they solve problems. So maybe kids will discover principles of logic spontaneously, as they discuss their ideas with others.
But research hints at something else, too. Perhaps the most effective way to foster critical thinking skills is to teach those skills. Abrami et al Studies suggest that students become remarkably better problem-solvers when we teach them to analyze analogies create categories and classify items appropriately identify relevant information construct and recognize valid deductive arguments test hypotheses recognize common reasoning fallacies distinguish between evidence and interpretations of evidence Do such lessons stifle creativity?
Critical thinking is about curiosity, flexibility, and keeping an open mind Quitadamo et al And, as Robert DeHaan has argued, creative problem solving depends on critical thinking skills DeHaan In fact, research suggests that explicit instruction in critical thinking may make kids smarter, more independent, and more creative.
Here are some examples--and some expert tips for teaching critical thinking to kids. Teaching critical thinking may boost inventiveness and raise IQ Richard Herrnstein and his colleagues gave over seventh graders explicit instruction in critical thinking--a program that covered hypothesis testing, basic logic, and the evaluation of complex arguments, inventiveness, decision making, and other topics.
The project was remarkably effective. Compared to students in a control group, the kids given critical thinking lessons made substantial and statistically significant improvements in language comprehension, inventive thinking, and even IQ Herrnstein et al Then they randomly assigned some students to receive critical thinking lessons as part of their biology curriculum.
Students in the experimental group were explicitly trained to recognize logical fallacies, analyze arguments, test hypotheses, and distinguish between evidence and the interpretation of evidence.
Students in a control group learned biology from the same textbook but got no special coaching in critical thinking. At the end of the program, students were tested again.
The students with critical thinking training showed greater improvement in their analytical skills, and not just for biology problems. The kids trained in critical thinking also did a better job solving everyday problems Zohar et al Tips for teaching critical thinking: What should parents and teachers do?
The short answer is make the principles of rational and scientific thinking explicit.References: Tips for teaching critical thinking to kids. Abrami PC, Bernard RM, Borokhovski E, Wadem A, Surkes M A, Tamim R, Zhang D. Instructional interventions affecting critical thinking skills and dispositions: a stage 1 meta-analysis.
Best Games and Websites for Teaching Critical Thinking, Creativity, Communication, and Collaboration Critical thinking, creativity, communication, and collaboration –- otherwise known as the “4Cs” -- are four skills that teachers, researchers, and employers agree .
Buy Learning Resources Mental Blox Critical Thinking Game: Games - torosgazete.com FREE DELIVERY possible on eligible purchases. Critical thinking is thinking about things in certain ways so as to arrive at the best possible solution in the circumstances that the thinker is aware of.
In more everyday language, it is a way of thinking about whatever is presently occupying your mind so that you come to the best possible conclusion. Games and Activities for Developing CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS Critical thinking involves mindful communication, thinking to any kind of subject, problem, or situation you choose.
About This Workbook The activity pages in the Critical Thinking Workbook are meant to be shared and explored. See Also: 10 Team-Building Games To Promote Critical Thinking Aimee Hosler is a writer and mother of two living in Virginia.
She specializes in a number of topics, but is particularly passionate about education and workplace news and trends.