The outcome variable of interest is child undernutrition: The results suggest that across countries in sub-Saharan Africa, children whose mothers are infected with HIV are significantly more likely to be stunted, wasted or underweight compared to their counterparts of similar demographic and socio-economic background whose mothers are not infected. However, the nutritional status of children who are paternal orphans or in households where other adults are HIV positive are not significantly different from non-orphaned children or those in households where no adult is infected with HIV.
The number of children with severe stunting due to malnutrition has increased in the past few years. Yet the international group Oxfam says the problem is absent from public debate in a country that is self-sufficient in food production.
A lack of education and limited access to affordable, balanced foods are some of the main causes of hunger.
These children eating their morning porridge are not in a school canteen, but in a rehabilitation center for malnourished children.
In South Africa, official statistics show almost a quarter of the population faces hunger on a regular basis.
The country is considered food-secure, but factors such as price inflation and high unemployment prevent some from accessing not only enough food, but also enough quality food. According to Oxfam's Rashmi Mistry, a chronic lack of nutrition affects 25 percent of children with serious consequences.
When mothers don't have enough to eat, or don't have the right type of food to eat, then it impacts on the feed system and it starts from there. If you've got a few rands to spend on food, you're gonna buy something that fills you up, and that's usually starches.
Potatoes, rice, or mealie meal [corn flour]. They'll fill you up. But those foods have very little nutrition," said Mistry. In the past six years, the cost for a basic food basket here increased by more than 40 percent.
She says since she started a garden, she saves half of her food budget. But after I got taught on how to do the garden, I quickly loved it. I'm saving money because I don't have to buy all these veggies anymore.
I eat healthy food now because I get them fresh from my garden," said Siswene. Education on what constitutes a balanced diet is another tool in combating hunger here. This ACFS staffer is training women on not only what to grow but what to eat. Many in the class said they have gained a lot of valuable information.
We have to do a proper balanced diet for the child so he's able to do well at school," said Angelina Sekoto.
ACFS has been operating here for more than 60 years and provides support to hundreds of families every day. Executive Director Phindile Hlalele says the need for its services has not decreased, but donations have. It's not decreasing, it's huge. We're still proceeding as we used to.Child Malnutrition 4 Per cent decline.
million children in developing countries are still malnourished More than half of underweight children live in South Asia Sub-Saharan Africa:Angola, Cape Verde, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Liberia, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland.
Prevent acute malnutrition through large scale emergency feeding programs when there is a lack of food in Africa. Provide sustenance to millions of children in the grips of famines and hunger crises.
Prevent and overcome chronic malnutrition through breastfeeding support programs. High rates of malnutrition translate into poor child outcomes. Preventing this should start early: good nutrition and health of mothers and their children during the first 1, days – from conception to about two years – is described as a unique window of opportunity for later human development.
Child nutritional status has long been identified as an important concern in South Africa. And the food security and nutritional status of infants under the age of two years is of particular concern.
At the same time, hunger crises are escalating at several hot spots: in four countries, three of them in Africa, a total of 20 million people, including countless children, are at .
Children are the most affected by this problem, especially young children. South Africa's problem of malnutrition is unique to other countries' malnutrition problems because South Africa is a primarily young country, with one third of the population being under the age of